Free Music

Free popular music could additionally indicate free improvisation: improvisated new music without any type of guidelines, and not in very particular design.
For info on swapping of industrial songs see File sharing, Napster or eMule.
For the WikiProject of this label, see WikiProject Free new music.

The deleted copyright icon with a musical note on the appropriate hand edge is the complimentary music sign, signifying a lack of copyright restrictions on music. It could be utilized in the abstract, or put on a sound recording or musical make-up.

Free new music is music that, like free of charge software, can freely be copied, circulated and modified for any sort of role. Hence free of cost popular music is either in the public domain or accredited under a free of cost certificate by the artist or copyright owner themselves, frequently as a method of promo. It does not imply that there should be no fee involved. The word free of cost describes liberty (as in free of charge software), not to cost. [ 1 ]

The Free Music Philosophy [ 1 ] usually encourages creators to free new music using whatever foreign language or procedures they wish. A Free Songs People Permit (FMPL) [ 2 ] is available for those that prefer an official approach. Some free new music is certified under licenses that are intended for software application (like the GPL) or various other writings (the GFDL). Yet there are additionally licenses particularly for new music and various other object of arts, such as EFF‘s Open Sound License, LinuxTag‘s Open Music License, the Free Art license and some of the Creative Commons Licences.


[edit] History

Before the advent of copyright law in the early 18th century and its subsequent application to music compositions first, all music was “free” according to the definitions used in free software or free music, since there were no copyright restrictions. In practice however, music reproduction was generally restricted to live performances and the legalities of playing other people’s music was unclear in most jurisdictions. Copyright laws changed this gradually so much so that in the late 20th century, copying a few words of a musical composition or a few seconds of a sound recording, the two forms of music copyright, could be considered criminal infringement.[3]

In response, the concept of free music was codified in the Free Music Philosophy[1] by Ram Samudrala in early 1994. It was based on the idea of Free Software by Richard Stallman and coincided with nascent open art and open information movements. Up to this point, few modern musicians distributed their recordings and compositions in an unrestricted manner, and there was no concrete rationale as to why they did it, or should do it.[citation needed]

The Free Music Philosophy used a three pronged approach to voluntarily encourage the spread of unrestricted copying, based on the fact that copies of recordings and compositions could be made and distributed with complete accuracy and ease via the Internet. First, since music by its very nature is organic in its growth, the ethical basis of limiting its distribution using copyright laws was questioned. That is, an existential responsibility was fomented upon music creators who were drawing upon the creations of countless others in an unrestricted manner to create their own. Second, it was observed that the basis of copyright law, “to promote the progress of science and useful arts”, had been perverted by the music industry to maximise profit over creativity resulting in a huge burden on society (the control of copying) simply to ensure its profits. Third, as copying became rampant, it was argued that musicians would have no choice but to move to a different economic model that exploited the spread of information to make a living, instead of trying to control it with limited government enforced monopolies.[4]

The Free Music Philosophy was reported on by diverse media outlets including Billboard,[5] Forbes,[6] Levi’s Original Music Magazine,[7] The Free Radical,[8] Wired[9][10] and The New York Times.[11] Along with free software and Linux (a free operating system), copyleft licenses, the explosion of the Web and rise of P2P, the cementing of mp3 as a compression standard for recordings, and despite the efforts of the music industry, free music became largely the reality in the early 21st century.[12] Organisations such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Creative Commons with free information champions like Lawrence Lessig were devising numerous licenses that offered different flavours of copyright and copyleft. The question was no longer why and how music should be free, but rather how creativity would flourish while musicians developed models to generate revenue in the Internet era.[4][13][14]

[edit] Record labels and websites distributing free music

[edit] Bands distributing their music under free conditions

See also: Category:Creative Commons-licensed albums
Nine Inch NailsThe SlipCC BY-NC-SA
PaniqCC BY-SA[20]
Smokey Roomz Rap ArtistCC BY[21]
Sean Terrington WrightCC BY[22]
Severed FifthCreative Commons
Brunette Models
Kimiko IshizakaCreative Commons Zero license – Public Domain[25]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c Samudrala, Ram (1994). “The Free Music Philosophy”. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  2. ^ Samudrala, Ram (2011). ” “The Free Music Public License”. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
  3. ^ The No Electronic Theft (NET) act amendments to Titles 17 & 18 of U.S. Code, 1997.[dead link]
  4. ^ a b Schulman BM. The song heard ’round the world: The copyright implications of MP3s and the future of digital music. Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 12: 3, 1999.
  5. ^ Reece D. Industry grapples with MP3 dilemma. Billboard, July 18 1998.
  6. ^ Penenberg A. Habias copyrightus. Forbes, July 11 1997.
  7. ^ Durbach D. Short fall to freedom: The free music insurgency. Levi’s Original Music Magazine, November 19, 2008
  8. ^ Ballin M. Unfair Use. The Free Radical 47, 2001
  9. ^ Oakes C. Recording industry goes to war against web sites. Wired, June 10 1997.
  10. ^ Stutz M. They (used to) write the songs. Wired, June 12 1998.
  11. ^ Napoli L. Fans of MP3 forced the issue. The New York Times, December 16 1998.
  12. ^ Just T. Alternate Kinds of Freedom.
  13. ^ Samudrala R. The future of music. 1997
  14. ^ Story of a Revolution: Napster & the Music Industry. MusicDish, 2000
  15. ^
  16. ^ “, musique libre – Les licences”. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  17. ^ Simon Trask. “Creative Commons, Copyright & The Independent Musician”. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  18. ^ “Loca Records”. Loca Records. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  19. ^ “RIPIntro”. 2008-01-22. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  20. ^ 00:00. “paniq”. Jamendo. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  21. ^ “Smokey Roomz Rap Artist”. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  22. ^ 00:00. “Sean T Wright”. Jamendo. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  23. ^ “The TWISTED (HELICES) page – in 1993 it was called “THE twisted page” and it made sense – exploratory music”. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  24. ^ “Driven Madness | Depoe Bay, OR | Alternative / comedy / fusion | Music, Lyrics, Songs, and Videos”. ReverbNation. 2009-09-20. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  25. ^ Ishizaka, Kimiko (undated). “The Open Goldberg Variations”. Retrieved 15 June 2012.

[edit] External links

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Free Music, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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